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遇到歹徒,心理战胜利很关键
编辑:澳门官方网站平台  更新时间:2015-05-07 10:29:38

人的一切活动都是在心理活动支配下进行的,防卫心理素质的好与坏,决定防卫技能的发挥,直接影响紧急情况下防卫策略的确立和实施。

All activities of people in psychological activities under the control of the defense, the psychological quality is good or bad, decided to play defensive skills, directly affect the emergency defense strategy establishment and implementation.

遇到犯罪嫌疑人,首先要沉着镇定、机智果断地应变,然后再根据场景环境、势态变化及犯罪嫌疑人自身的情况采取灵活多变的策略。

Meet the suspect, we must first calm, resourceful and decisive strain, then according to the scene, the suspect and environmental situation change their own situation to take flexible strategies.

犯罪嫌疑人在作案时普遍具有惶恐不安的心理,听到一点声响便如惊弓之鸟,所以大家在实施防卫时要牢牢抓住罪犯的心理弱点,对方越心慌意乱,大家越要镇定,要利用高声呼叫、佯叫来人和拖延时间等手段,对其施加心理压力,以寻找最佳的擒敌战机。同时还应迅速弄清罪犯心理变化的临界点。即由一种状态转变为另一种状态的那个“点”,推而论之,犯罪心理的临界点可以理解为由一个犯罪动机转变为实施犯罪行动的分界线。因此,大家要尽可能在其达到临界点之前采取必要的手段。

The suspect has the psychological panic at the time of the crime, he heard a noise as frightened, so we should firmly grasp the psychological weakness in the implementation of the criminal defense, the other is distraught, the more we should use to calm down and shouted, and called: delay time and other means to exert psychological pressure on it, to find the best combat fighter. It should also be the critical point quickly ascertain the psychological changes of criminals. That is a state transition for the "point" in another state, presumably, the critical point of criminal psychology can be understood as a motive for the crime into line implementation of criminal action. Therefore, we should as far as possible before it reaches the critical point to take the necessary measures.

对于犯罪嫌疑人的心理临界点,一般可以通过观察其神态、举止行为、语言口气等方面来判断,如犯罪嫌疑人神态呈现犹豫不安、神态恐慌、左顾右盼,又迟迟不见攻击动作,或是攻击动作迟钝、无力,这说明其内心矛盾重重,底气不足,此时犯罪动机虽已暴露,犯罪事实虽已成立,但罪犯心理尚未达到临界点,尚未达到完全失去理智的程度,其行为尚处于置变阶段,还没有突破“度”的制约,心理上尚有部分理智和抑制的因素存在。这时要马上采用各种手段和策略遏制其行为动机,使其犯罪终止或将其制服。除此以外,灵活的策略也是非常重要的,要随态势、场景和犯罪嫌疑人自身的变化而变化制敌策略。

For the psychological critical point of criminal suspects, in general can be observed through the air, behavior, language, tone and so on to judge, the suspect was presented as uncertain manner, panic, look right and left, they still have not seen the attack action, or attack is slow, weak, this shows that the inner contradictions, lack of confidence, the motive for the crime has been exposed, the facts of the crime has been established, but the criminal psychology has not yet reached the critical point, has not yet reached the completely irrational degree, its behavior is still in the stage of change, also did not break the "degree" of the constraints, there are still part of the psychological factors of reason and suppression. Immediately by various means and strategies to curb the behavior motivation then, make it a crime or termination of their uniforms. In addition, flexible strategy is also very important, to change with the situation, the scene and the suspect's change of tactics.

因此,保安员在同犯罪嫌疑人周旋的过程中,具备良好的心理素质,掌握控制犯罪嫌疑人的临界点,运用灵活机动的战略战术是非常重要的。

Therefore, the process of the security guards in the same deal with the suspect, have good psychological quality, grasp the critical point of control of criminal suspects, the use of flexible strategy and tactics is very important.

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